Smear campaigns , is the right answer.
The presidential election of the year 1828 in the United States was one of the most quarrelsome elections in the history of the United States. In this election, smear campaigns were introduced in the United States. The smear campaigns were consists of rallies, campaigning slogans, buttons, television advertisements that denounced the opposition and their candidates. These smear campaigns were introduced by Andrew Jackson, who was infuriated with the backdoor politics.
Answer: Monotheistic religion
Answer: The Northwest Ordinance of 1789.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1789 stated that the election of representatives for a territorial general assembly was allowed only after having reached 5,000 free, male inhabitants. At least three and up to five states would be set in the territory, and only after achieving a population of 60,000 it would be accepted in the Continental Congress.
The ordinance also called for a public university and prohibited slavery, even though it did include a fugitive slave clause.