The Cuban Missile Crisis is known as a watershed mark in the history of the world because it nearly brought the United States and the Soviet Union to war.
In October 1962, the Soviet Union attempted the installation of nuclear-armed missiles on Cuban soil, just 90 miles from U.S. shores.
This attempt put the United States and the Soviet Union in a political and military standoff that lasted some days and escalated the Cold War.
Thus, the Cuban Missile Crisis is known as a watershed mark in the history of the world because it nearly brought the United States and the Soviet Union to war.
Learn more about the Cuban Missile Crisis at brainly.com/question/26451777
During the mid-1800s, many Irish immigrants came to the United States because Ireland was suffering from famine.
So, option B. is correct.
The Irish immigration was the push of people in Ireland due to various religious conflicts between the whites and blacks. There was a lack of political autonomy.
The Irish immigrants were often known as Scotch-Irish who were forcefully pushed into America by promising them greater religious freedom and ownership of land.
Therefore, during the mid-1800s Ireland was suffering from famine.
Learn more about Irish immigration here:
Those who defended slavery rose to the challenge set forth by the Abolitionists. The defenders of slavery included economics, history, religion, legality, social good, and even humanitarianism, to further their arguments.
Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. The cotton economy would collapse. The tobacco crop would dry in the fields. Rice would cease being profitable.
Defenders of slavery argued that if all the slaves were freed, there would be widespread unemployment and chaos. This would lead to uprisings, bloodshed, and anarchy. They pointed to the mob's "rule of terror" during the French Revolution and argued for the continuation of the status quo, which was providing for affluence and stability for the slaveholding class and for all free people who enjoyed the bounty of the slave society.
The Negro's Place in Nature
Some slaveholders believed that African Americans were biologically inferior to their masters. During the 1800s, this arguement was taken quite seriously, even in scientific circles.
Defenders of slavery argued that slavery had existed throughout history and was the natural state of mankind. The Greeks had slaves, the Romans had slaves, and the English had slavery until very recently.
Defenders of slavery noted that in the Bible, Abraham had slaves. They point to the Ten Commandments, noting that "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, ... nor his manservant, nor his maidservant." In the New Testament, Paul returned a runaway slave, Philemon, to his master, and, although slavery was widespread throughout the Roman world, Jesus never spoke out against it.
Defenders of slavery turned to the courts, who had ruled, with the Dred Scott Decision, that all blacks — not just slaves — had no legal standing as persons in our courts — they were property, and the Constitution protected slave-holders' rights to their property.
Defenders of slavery argued that the institution was divine, and that it brought Christianity to the heathen from across the ocean. Slavery was, according to this argument, a good thing for the enslaved. John C. Calhoun said, "Never before has the black race of Central Africa, from the dawn of history to the present day, attained a condition so civilized and so improved, not only physically, but morally and intellectually."
Defenders of slavery argued that by comparison with the poor of Europe and the workers in the Northern states, that slaves were better cared for. They said that their owners would protect and assist them when they were sick and aged, unlike those who, once fired from their work, were left to fend helplessly for themselves.
JAMES THORNWELL, a minister, wrote in 1860, "The parties in this conflict are not merely Abolitionists and slaveholders, they are Atheists, Socialists, Communists, Red Republicans, Jacobins on the one side and the friends of order and regulated freedom on the other."
Nat Turner's revolt
The violence of Nat Turner's 1831 slave revolt frightened many southern slaveholders. Such unrest was used by many as a reason to continue slavery.
When a society forms around any institution, as the South did around slavery, it will formulate a set of arguments to support it. The Southerners held ever firmer to their arguments as the political tensions in the country drew us ever closer to the Civil War.
Japanese leaders wished to quickly industrialize in the 1800's because they feared encroaching European influence.
Hope this helps.
Good Luck in your studies.
Answer: Slavery was outlawed in the French colonies.
Explanation: Caribbean islands were mainly french colonies. These colonies were mainly based of plantation for their economic needs. Sugar was most widely produced in this area and was exported to america and rest of the Europe. The plantation was a heavy task to be performed, the workers from within this area used to ask for increased wages and the climatic conditions for them were unbearable due to which most of them used to quit work. The white owners decided to import slaves from Africa because they were not only used to the climate condition which was same in Africa as in here but were cost efficient and were agreed to work of lower wages. French revolution had a major impact on import of slaves and slavery was outlawed from here. Although, the already imported slaves lived in a miserable condition.
Answer:House of Burgesses. In April, 1619, Governor George Yeardley arrived in Virginia from England and announced that the Virginia Company had voted to abolish martial law and create a legislative assembly. It became the House of Burgesses — the first legislative assembly in the American colonies.